What is Gum Disease, and how do we Prevent it?

Periodontal diseases are infections of the gums, which gradually destroy the support of your natural teeth. There are numerous disease entities requiring different treatment approaches. Dental plaque is the primary cause of gum disease in genetically susceptible individuals. The best way to prevent gum disease is effective daily brushing and flossing as well as regular professional examinations and cleanings. Unfortunately, even with the most diligent home dental care, people still can develop some form of periodontal disease. Once this disease starts, professional intervention is necessary to prevent its progress.

Why is oral hygiene so important?

Adults over 35 lose more teeth to gum diseases, (periodontal disease) than from cavities. Three out of four adults are affected at some time in their life.

Periodontal disease and decay are both caused by bacterial plaque. Plaque is a colorless film, which sticks to your teeth at the gum line. Plaque constantly forms on your teeth. With thorough daily brushing and flossing, you can remove these germs and help prevent periodontal disease.

Other important factors affecting the health of your gums include:

  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Stress
  • Clenching and grinding teeth
  • Medication
  • Poor nutrition

Periodontal diseases can be accelerated by a number of different factors. However, it is mainly caused by the bacteria found in dental plaque, a sticky colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth. If not carefully removed by daily brushing and flossing, plaque hardens into a rough, porous substance known as calculus (or tartar).

Bacteria found in plaque produces toxins or poisons that irritate the gums, which may cause them to turn red, swell and bleed easily. If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth, causing pockets (spaces) to form. As periodontal diseases progress, the supporting gum tissue and bone that holds teeth in place deteriorate. If left untreated, this leads to tooth loss.

General Dentistry

General Dentistry

We offer the most current technologies in cosmetic dentistry to create a dazzling smile that you'll be proud to show.

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Oral Surgery

Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are dentists specializing in surgery of the mouth, face and jaws.

Periodontal Maintenance

Periodontal Maintenance

Adults over 35 lose more teeth to gum diseases, (periodontal disease) than from cavities.

Children's Dentistry

Children's Dentistry

The first “regular” dental visit should be just after your child’s third birthday.

Orthodontics

Orthodontics

Orthodontics is a dental specialty that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of tooth misalignments and jaw irregularities...